A Young kashmiri Radio Broadcaster, RJ Umar Nisar, who’s Bollywood acclaimed TEDx Speaker and also known as Radio boy of India. Sharing his story of half decade in Radio Industry on this World Radio Day-2020
In 2014, when cloudburst and floods devastated the Valley, i started contributing with a community radio show “Pesh Kadam” that was managed by Department of Journalism, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora. I was 14 years old when i fell in love with Radio and getting into it was more like impossible. I went through a lot of predicaments in my journey, but those hurdles didn’t stop my Passion for Radio, i worked hard day and out, finally my hard work paid off and i intiated Kashmir’s first Online Radio Station “Pannun FM Internatinal”, became the youngest director and Radio jockey in state. It was not just a proud moment for me but for the whole state especially for the people of my hometown tral. Slowly people started recognising me and my work. Why i fell in love with Radio? Ummmm!!!I had the heart and determination to be on-air and the best platform for my creativity & passion was just ‘Radio’. Radio is a platform that has advantages over other media as it is a cheap source of information and can be used to Send messages to illiterates, neo-literates and highly educated receivers simultaneously. it does not require captivity. Listeners can receive messages even when they are working. Farmer may listen to farm programmes while working in fields, a busy executive may listen to it even while driving or a housewife may listen to her favorite programme even while working in the kitchen. Future! Radio’s future is a mystery. It is not easy to predict the future of radio. The future of radio would depend on changing regulatory scenarios, technological developments and change of listener’s appeal. Radio’s current localization and specialized programming will continue. Technologically, radio transmission will improve greatly. FM will continue to grow faster and bigger. Meanwhile, i was following technology and was a techie, got to know about future Broadcasting “PODCAST”.”Podcast” is a portmanteau word, formed by combining “iPod” and “broadcast”. The term “podcasting” as a name for the nascent technology was first suggested by The Guardian columnist and BBC journalist Ben Hammersley, who invented it in early February 2004 while “padding out” an article for The Guardian newspaper. The term was first used in the audioblogging community in September 2004, when Danny Gregoire introduced it in a message to the ipodder-dev mailing list, from where it was adopted by Adam Curry . Despite the etymology, the content can be accessed using any computer or similar device that can play media files. Use of the term “podcast” predated Apple’s addition of formal support for podcasting to the iPod, or its iTunes software.I researched more about podcast and started to work over it, finally, i was successful to turn radio into a digital Podcast. My Podcast got international acclamination, and it was due to my success in the journey of radio, i got a chance to stand on the stage where king khan of Bollywood too stood. King khan was the first Bollywood actor to speak at ted talks and i was the first Kashmiri teenager to speak at ted talks. This was not less than a dream for me! Currently i’m working with a kashmir based radio station “95 FM Tadka ” and managing my Podcast at the same, aiming to revolutionise the platform of radio in valley.
No one will understand it better than the person himself who goes into a man hole to clean shit of others. How ironical it is to see countries making plans to land on moon but lack in developing machines which could deal with the sewage of the nation. Despite of the laws made in India for Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013 which states that manual scavenging, cleaning of dry latrines and all kind of manual cleaning of excrement as well as cleaning gutters, sewers and septic tank is a prohibited act in India. Yet prevalence of manual scavenging is not at all affected. According to a nationwide survey in 2018, over 42,000 manual scavengers exist in our country (precise numbers – 42,302) with UP excelling the charts (19,712) followed by Maharashtra (7,378) and Uttarakhand (6,033). This is what the survey conveys which is usually a manipulated number which we all are familiar with. The core purpose of the prohibition of this act was to abolish the caste system or “jaati vaad” which was prevailing amongst the sanitation workers. Since the varna system the “Shudhras” or the “Dalits” were considered the ones accountable for the cleanliness of toilets and sewages in the society. To keep a check on the basic human rights i.e., Article 15 which ensures Social equality and equal access to public areas and Article 17 which states abolition of untouchability, government made laws for abolition of scavenging. But the scenario reveals that government itself is the biggest violator of its own laws. It is seen that the Indian Railways employ scavengers and sanitation workers for manual cleaning of the tracks. Sanitation is an important issue in India which can just not be ignored so are the problems of the sanitation workers who deal with it. It is the demand to understand the problems at the same level at which they are faced. Assuming the depth of problems will generate no remedies. As the definition itself says, scavenging refers to the unsafe removal of raw untreated human excreta manually hence; it is an urging demand of the society for the development of machineries which could be used instead of humans for the purpose of sanitation cleaning. It is often seen that the workers employed for the purpose of sanitation cleaning are not trained and are just enrolled for the job due to the already facing shortage of workers which comes as a major drawback in their working. According to the survey of 2018 only 2,660 got skilled training so far out of 42,302 workers. Skilled development and training of at least a year is must for such works along with proper guidance to use equipments. This will reduce the risks of accidents during the working. Once the training is completed a license shall be allotted to them which could prove that the person is trained and is eligible to work in any circumstance. Equipments are the companions of sanitation workers which have always been used when there is any inspection or the tenders are being given to the in charge. Seriousness of the body suits, mask, boots and gloves is always overlooked which need to be told to the workers. Present conditions shows how the workers themselves are disgusted by the work they do as they work bare body without any caution and equipments. Therefore they indulge themselves in alcohol and drugs to forget about their social and working status. Nobody on duty pays attention to the state of workers before they are landed into a man hole. Several workers get drunk before going into a man hole to tolerate the disgust they feel in it and after they get out of it. Several deaths are recorded due to the drunken state of the workers. There are no safety measures provided to these workers. Canister masks are provided with warnings which states that these should not be used in oxygen deficit areas but inside the chambers there are poisonous gases such as methane, hydrogen sulphide, carbon mono-oxide and ammonia which leads to decrease in oxygen level in the chambers and causes Hypoxia which can lead to immediate deaths. Hence, having a compatible suit with oxygen cylinders is must for sanitation workers working inside chambers. This will not only save them with the physical health issues but also the mental stigma they face after they get out of those chambers filled with filth of all kinds. Average life expectancy of Indians is nearly 69 years but these hazardous works make the life expectancy of these workers below 60 if they do not die of any accident. Unexpected and sudden deaths due to lack of caution are yet to mention. Stats reveal that one manual scavenger die in every 5 days due to accidents and mishaps. There is a strict need of paying attention towards the working conditions of the sanitation workers and these should imply right from the start. Nobody seems bothered after the task is once done but behind the scenes are often left unseen and beneath the scenes are even beyond one’s imagination.
After the expansion of newly Maharashtra Cabinet on Monday, the debate over dynasty politics in India has again taken a narrow shape. The sworn-in ministers, be it from smaller parties or from the grand old party like Congress, the grimy exhibition of nepotism was set forth at the swearing-in ceremony in Mumbai.
The interesting part of Maharashtra politics is something unique; one can create a book and can learn the different political lessons from it. From Shiv Sena and NCP coming together and forming the government in the state to the NCP Supremo Sharad Pawar, who initially set the tone for the Thackeray-led Maha Vikas Aagadi.
Ajit Pawar’s motivated gamble and his short cameo as Fadnavis’s friend to the expansion of Maharashtra Cabinet which has several leaders from the influential families leading to the dynasty politics. The politics of Maharashtra has created an entire book of lessons for all.
The ministers who found a place in Cabinet due to previous political background comes amid the eternal debate over the dynastic politics in the country.
Here’s the list of those who found a place in Maharashtra Cabinet due to their family legacy.
Shiv Sena leader Aditya Thackeray, son of Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray, sworn-in as a Cabinet Minister in the State.
NCP minister Dhananjay Munde, nephew of BJP veteran and former state and central Minister Gopinath Munde.
Deputy CM Ajit Pawar, nephew of NCP chief Sharad Pawar.
NCP minister Jayant Patil is the son of Congress minister late Rajaram Patil.
Shiv Sena Minister Shambhuraje Desai is the grandson of Balasaheb Desai, the former home minister from the Congress.
Congress minister Amit Deshmukh is the son of former Maharashtra Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh.
Congress minister Yashomati Thakur, daughter of former Congress MLA Bhayyasaheb Thakur.
Congress minister Sunil Kedar, son of former Congress MLA and Minister Chhatrapal Kedar.
Congress minister Varsha Gaikwad is the daughter of former Congress MP Eknath Gaikwad.
Congress minister Vishwajeet Kadam is the son of former Congress minister Patangrao Kadam.
Congress minister Satej Patil is the son of Congress leader and former Bihar Governor DY Patil.
Congress minister Balasaheb Thorat is the son of former Congress MLA Bhausaheb Thorat.
NCP minister Rajesh Tope is the son of former MP Ankush Tope.
NCP minister Aditi Tatkare, daughter of MP Sunil Tatkare.
Plethora amount of hue and cry is being raised by many self-styled activists and politicians over the abrogation of Article 370, which deprived minorities of J&K even of their basic fundamental rights. Not only this, Article 370 was some kind of royalty which enriched only the political hegemonist of valley comprising of Obdulla and Mufti family.
But now it is right time for the Jammutees to enter the mainstream politics, especially the Dogra community and the Kashmiri Pandith youth. They often come up with many complaints regarding public concerns. But their political presence is very less or we can say; it not even exist in Jammu. Student politics, is however, at a bay.
In today’s J&K politics, the only visible way is eying forward, not to look back. And policies and implementation must be revisited, revised, and readjusted by politicians and our youth is enough capable to do so by joining mainstream. Gupkar road is neither synonymous to this nor they has a copyright. Youth, here, is credible enough and political literate to become the policy makers in order to meet today’s requirements.
I hope that this younger generation will take this political process forward without playing into anyone’s hands. We, now must take the road to development, that doesn’t goes through Gupkar. (Area where the resident of Abdullah’s is situated)
Writer is from Jammu city he can be contacted on @akhileshdhar1
On August 5, 2019, when home minister Amit Shah tabled the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order 2019 and stripping Jammu & Kashmir of its special status, a historic error committed around 70 years ago, has finally been thrown into the dustbin. Article 370 had been the biggest impediment to the integration of J&K state, its abrogation, now, will help common people through jobs and better allocation of central funds and will end the long political hegemony of dynasties.
In two masterly thumps, the government repealed a Temporary Provision, Article 370 by overwhelming majorities in the two Houses of Parliament through Presidential declaration. It then bifurcated the state into two union territories (UTs) under Jammu & Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, one to be called Jammu & Kashmir, and another Ladakh effective from 31 October 2019. This move signals proper Modi-Shah alchemy and their determination that transforms impossible into perfectly possible and holds ample amount of guts to take legal, social, political and geopolitical risks to curb unrest that has lasted ever since the Dogra ruler, Maharaja Hari Singh, signed the instrument of accession with the Indian Union in 1947.
Although, a bench of the Supreme Court once had opined that Article 370 was a permanent provision must understand its circumstances in context with Jammu & Kashmir. J&K based political parties have constantly been misguiding the local youth by telling them that Article 370 is their protection and bridge between Kashmir and rest of India. In face the logic is baseless and their false propaganda for vested interests while protecting their kith and kin from the turbulence. In contrast, some of the self-proclaimed feminists and liberals calling the move unconstitutional without knowing the fact that the powers of the Assembly lie with Parliament in the absence of Assembly in the J&K. Therefore, scrapping of Article 370 has been in a proper democratic process. Before the passing of the Bill, it has been debated for several hours in both the Houses. Thus, the most constitutional and correct option was chosen.
Article 370 is some kind of royalty which enormously enriched the few and under its shadow; the Valley has been through the several episodes of radicalisation, 30 years of grave terrorism, ethnic cleansing and what not. The worrying part is public order and public safety. During the 2011 panchayat polls, both Jammu and the Valley witnessed massive turnout, the state government then deprived these panchayats by starving them of funds. Without enabling legislation, as demanded by the Finance Commission, the panchayats lost over a thousand crore rupees by way of funds. This reckless action prevented the strengthening of democracy and suppressed rural development in the state.
Abrogating Article 370 was a difficult decision, bound to have a violent reaction in the Valley. The government method of preventing sizeable violence by deploying force is not at all unethical; rather, it is the duty of a responsible government. The restrictions in place are quite sensitive to ground realities. As and when the situation improves, they will be eased. We simply cannot allow jihadis to have a free run to incite mob violence. Article 370 made Jammu and Kashmir autonomous but strangely it hampered its people. We have to agree with the fact that Kashmiris too must express their sentiments about these decisions without letting their protests be hijacked by violent unrest or terrorism. Friday prayers, Eid and Independence Day have passed off peacefully is a matter of great satisfaction and something to cheer for and I am sure that in due course of time, we will witness less amount of restrictions and lifting of deployed forces with reduction of inconveniences faced by all Indians in the Kashmir Valley.
Article 370 entered the draft Constitution as Article 306A by N Gopalaswami Ayyangar. Through this provision, Ayyangar had proposed that state would have special powers to be excluded from the purview of the laws that Parliament of India would make and also would have the power to make its own laws. “Why this discrimination?”, asked Maulana Hasrat Mohani, a great poet and member from United Provinces in the Constituent Assembly on October 17, 1949. Ayyangar gave an unconvincing reply, that there existed special circumstances in the state and hence the special provisions. He was challenged by members like Mohani who asked why different accessions were being treated differently. Ayyangar’s logic was bizarre. The Instrument of Accession’s relevance was limited to joining the Dominion, he argued, adding that what mattered for the Indian Republic that was going to take shape on 26 January 1950 were the decisions in the Constituent Assembly. He was no doubt clever in making this distinction between the Dominion and the Republic, but not logical.
History also witnessed that Sheikh Abdullah’s National Conference party had boycott the 1946 Jammu Kashmir Praja Sabha elections, a state legislature, refusing to accept Maharaja’s authority. While the rest of the country was fighting the British with Quit India as the mantra, Sheikh Abdullah had launched the Quit Kashmir agitation against the Maharaja. It was in him that Nehru had reposed his trust and got four members nominated to the Constituent Assembly from Jammu & Kashmir including Abdullah himself along with Mirza Afzal Baig, Maulana Masoodi and Moti Ram Baigra. It was this clique that had supported 306A when it came up for inclusion in the draft constitution.
The parliamentary route of lawmaking was bypassed when the President incorporated Article 35A into the constitution in The Delhi Agreement, 1952, to further strengthen Article 370 as stipulated in Article 368. The Nehru government didn’t place it before Parliament for discussion, which is mandatory for amendments.
Article 35A defines the permanent residents of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. On examination of 35A, it not only violates the golden triangle but also Article 15 and Article 16 as well. It is the same Article which rendered the lives of Dalits settled in Jammu. They are trapped in a vicious cycle of refugee life. They are unable to get PRC (Permanent Resident Certificate), hence ineligible for any job and scavenging is the only option left with them. It also treated refugees from West Pakistan as outsiders and these people have been deprived of their rightful legal rights including rightful inheritance to land. Hence, it disallows the marginalized population of the state of their basic constitutional voting right.
Article 35A further leads to gender inequality by denying J&K women of their right to property on marrying outsiders. Ironically, such exclusionary provisions do not apply to the men marrying outside.
The Opposition’s argument that Article 370 was a link to the state’s accession to India is fallacious. The state’s accession had concluded on October 26, 1947, when Hari Singh signed the Instrument of Accession. Article 370, according to Ayyangar’s own words, took birth as a temporary provision because of the “special circumstances” in the state. The criticism by Congress is even more spacious because it is this party that has affected at least 44 amendments to this article in almost as many years.
It is, of course, the beginning of big phenomenon in the Kashmir Valley. It’s something that involves all of us and betterment for the public of Valley. The simple act of abrogation of Article 370 will lead to a floodgate of development. We will see industries, investors, job opportunities and other avenues available to the youth now in J&K too. Moreover, Article 370 had led to psychological isolation that created mental barriers. That was not just hindering development but also facilitating terrorism. The sponsors of terrorism could find isolated youth whom they indoctrinated.
There will be no pilferage from now on, corruption will be minimum and most importantly, with the empowerment of local bodies and panchayats in J&K by extending the 73rd and 74th amendments in Constitution, brought in by the Congress government [in 1992], funds will go directly to elected local representatives. The state governments at different points of time did not want that to happen in the past. They were manipulating and using the funds according to their convenience. If the fund, which is not less than Rs 10,000 crore, goes directly to local bodies, development activity is bound to get a boost. It is the step of bringing the common Kashmiri man closer to the ideas and values the rest of India has. Believe me, Kashmir is now on the path of peace.
The majestic red Chinar trees of the Valley, which has something to do with Kashmir’s literature, politics, and romance, will now find peace by bringing cheer to people whose lives have been marred by years of militancy.
Akhilesh Dhar is a 19-year old aspiring Journalist, who is keenly interested in Indian politics and foreign affairs with an interest in conflict based reportage. A couple his articles have been published on ‘Epilogue Magazine’. At present, he is pursuing a bachelor’s degree in Journalism and Mass Communication from Dr. DY Patil International University, Pune. He did internship in the month of June with MyNation (New Delhi), assigned to him by Think India. He also did internship with Zee Business (Mumbai) in the month of July.