While reading this article,you might knew that our earth is spinning with the speed of 390 kilometers per second with respect to the CBR .This might not amaze you but after knowing the fact that this speed is way faster then a bullet about 30km/s.The earth rotates once every 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.09053 seconds, called the sidereal period, and its circumference is roughly 40,075 kilometers. Thus, the surface of the earth at the equator moves at a speed of 460 meters per second–or roughly 1,000 miles per hour.This much speed is enough to flung off everything exists on earth but though we are stand still at our various positions.Even we are unable to feel this mtion of earth.Why?
This is only because the earth’s gravity is holding us down.Normally, humans aren’t thrown off the moving earth.However, because we are rotating with the Earth, a ‘centrifugal force’ pushes us outwards from the centre of the planet. If this centrifugal force were bigger than the force of gravity, then we would be thrown into space.The strength of the centrifugal force depends on locations. It is greatest at the equator and zero at the Earth’s poles. We can calculate how fast the Earth would need to spin to balance the force of gravity this is known as the ‘escape velocity’. It works out at about 28,437km/h (17,670mph). The Earth would have to spin once every 84 minutes to achieve that speed at the equator, or about 17 times faster than it actually spins. If you move away from the equator the centrifugal force is lower that means you still wouldn’t flung off into space, even at that speed. At the latitude of Swindon, i.e,, the Earth would need to rotate once every 52 minutes to throw the resident humans including their possessions off into space.
In compendium,it is nothing but an invisible force called gravity.Gravity also called gravitation in mechanics,the universal force of attraction between all matter .On earth,all bodies possess weight or downward force of gravity,proportional to their mass which earth’s mass exerts on them.Gravity is the force by which a planet or other body draws objects toward its center. The force of gravity keeps all of the planets in orbit around the sun.Earth’s gravity is what keeps you on the ground and what makes things fall.
This phenomena has been mentioned in Quran 1500years ago in Surah Al-Mursilaat verse 25-27 ;
“Have We not made the earth a receptacle(kifaatan. کفاتًا), both for the living and for the dead, and set in it high mountains, and given you sweet water to drink? Woe on that Day to the deniers (of Truth)!”
In these verse the precise word کفاتاً is derived from the word فاتاً which means ‘assembling’ or ‘ gathering’ and the very next verse Allah Almighty mentioned that it is for living and non-living i.e,living and non-living elements.The earth is binding the moon and asteriods around its sphere the word فاتًا is the best word to describe gravity i.e, ‘attract around or assemble’
This is the reason behind i.e,gravity that acts as a force of attraction and binding this Universe at right proportion like sun and planets around it.Even the core reason behind the formation of galaxies.In these massive galaxies there exists a massive Black-hole,the gravitaional force is such effective,that it compell and forces it to revolve around.One such example is ‘ named ‘Sagittarius A’ Black-hole present in the center of our Milkyway galaxy.Gravity not only pulls on mass but also on light. Albert Einstein discovered this principle. If you shine a flashlight upwards, the light will grow imperceptibly redder as gravity pulls it.We can state that the gravity is an invisible force that led the birth of this whole universe and in its absence the existence of universe is immpossible.According to Sir Isaac Newton’s law of universal gravitation, gravity is an attractive force that acts on every particle of matter in the universe. The strength of the attraction depends on distance and mass however. If they’re close enough, two particles of cosmic dust will gravitate toward each other. Meanwhile, the gravitational force of a planet will pull on objects much farther away.
In the early 20th century, physicist Albert Einstein built on Newton’s findings with his general theory of relativity, which, among other things, explained gravity not as a force but as a distortion in the shape of space-time. A particularly massive object like a star warps both the time and space around it. Time itself passes measurably slower in close proximity to such an object and curves the otherwise straight path of speeding light waves. Gravity dictates the structure of the universe, from the way cosmic bodies form to the way they orbit more massive planets or stars.Gravity is one of the four forces of nature, along with electromagnetism, strong force and weak force. All of these forces are tied up in the big bang theory.
The Big Bang hypothesis states that all of the current and past matter in the Universe came into existence at the same time, roughly 13.8 billion years ago. At this time, all matter was compacted into a very small ball with infinite density and intense heat called a Singularity. Suddenly, the Singularity began expanding, and the universe as we know it began.In 1927, an astronomer named Georges Lemaître had a big idea. He said that a very long time ago, the universe started as just a single point. He said the universe stretched and expanded to get as big as it is now, and that it could keep on stretching.Here,the Allah Almighty reminds reminds of His greatness.Allah mentioned this phenomena in devine revelation Quran in surah al Anbia verse 30 ;
“Do not the disbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were a closed-up mass(rataqan. رتقًا) then We opened them out (fafataqnahuma. فَفَتَقۡنٰہُمَا )? And We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?”
The heavens and the Earth (ie: the cosmos), while differentiated now, were once a closed-up mass, described as ratqan (رَتۡقًا)
The heavens and the Earth were opened up fafataqnahuma(فَفَتَقۡنٰہُمَا) from their state of being ratq.
Ratqan is an accusative form of the noun ratq, and its essential meaning is that of something that is closed up or being stitched or sewn up when applied to cloth, or the closing up of a breach between two disagreeing parties.The famous dictionary Lisan-ul-Arab also lists ‘darkness’ as one of the word’s meanings. Thus the picture that emerges is a dark, homogenous mass, which becomes the ‘Heavens and Earth.’Next we turn to the meaning of “and then We opened them up” for which the arabic is fafataqnahuma. This means that something is cloven asunder of something united to make it disunited. The word is in the dual, applying it grammatically to the ‘heaven and the earth’ just described as a closed-up mass.The cosmos was indeed a closed-up mass, ie: a highly dense and tiny point which has opened up to produce the wider universe.
Regarding big-bang- ‘Expending everywhere’ Quran says in Surah Ad-Dhariyaat in verse 47;
“We built the universe with ˹great˺ might, and We are certainly expanding it.”
Now,what if every physical objects ;asteriods,stars,planets,galaxies and even smallest gaseous and dust atoms were removed what would left behind?The answer might be nothing.It is right but to some extent.Because space is not empty space in actual.It is like a straight paper sheet ,which can be folded or twisted or can be brought under motion.
As the book “Nothingness: The Science of Empty Space” by Dr. Henning Genz describes, space is also filled with two things we can’t directly detect: dark matter and dark energy. Even if all these things could be removed and blocked out from a certain region of space, there would still be three things we could never remove according to Dr. Genz: (1) vacuum energy, (sea of continual particle pair production) (2) the Higgs field,(Higgs coupling, Higgs bosons) and (3) spacetime curvature( gravity, cosmic structure, dark energy) Spacetime curvature is an innate property of space itself, according to Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. Masses act on space by giving it curvature, and space acts back on masses by having them travel in its curved shape. The phenomenon of masses traveling in straight lines in a curved spacetime is known as gravity. The curved trajectory of a satellite in orbit is really a straight line in a curved space. A space devoid of masses still has a shape (it still has Einstein’s metric field). That shape can even be curved, even without any masses, according to the equations. There is no way to suck gravity or block gravity out of a region of space because gravity is just the shape of space itself. As a result, even the most empty of physical vacuums will always have a curvature field.
Quran says in Surah Al Aeraf verse 187;
They ask you about the Hour (Doomsday), when will be its taking place (its decree). Say: “The Knowledge of it is only with my Lord. None can reveal its time except Him”. It was heavy(ثقلت) for the heavens and the earth; it does not come upon you except all of a sudden. They ask you as though you are well informed of it. Say: “Knowledge of it is with Allah only”. But most of mankind do not know.
The Quran used the term “weighs ثَقُلَتْ ” which means by gravity. But from General Relativity we know that gravity is curvature of spacetime. We also know that wormholes are equivalent to folding spacetime like a book.
The wormhole theory postulates that a theoretical passage through space-time could create shortcuts for long journeys across the universe. Wormholes are predicted by the theory of general relativity. But be wary: wormholes bring with them the dangers of sudden collapse, high radiation and dangerous contact with exotic matter.Black holes and wormholes are special types of solutions to Einstein’s equations, arising when the structure of spacetime is strongly bent by gravity.As the theory allows the fabric of spacetime to be stretched and bent, one can imagine all sorts of possible configurations.
Quran says in Surah Al Anbiya verse 104;
“On that Day We will roll up the heavens like a scroll of writings. Just as We produced the first creation, ˹so˺ shall We reproduce it. That is a promise binding on Us. We truly uphold Our promises”
The words in this verse
like (the) folding
(of) a scroll
Newton was familiar about the gravity but was unfamiliar regarding its working phenomena.He mentioned that moon is binded with an invisible rope and never let it go beyond its orbit.After ten years Albert Einstein proposed the concept about ‘Space and time’.According to Einstein, in the same way that a large ball placed on a elasticated cloth stretches the fabric and causes it to sag, so planets and stars warp space-time.A marble moving along the sagging cloth will be drawn towards the ball, as the Earth is to the Sun, but not fall into it as long as it keeps moving at speed.Einstein connected the dots to suggest that gravity is the warping of space and time. Gravity is the curvature of the universe, caused by massive bodies, which determines the path that objects travel.That curvature is dynamical, moving as those objects move.Gravitational waves are ‘ripples’ in space-time caused by some of the most violent and energetic processes in the Universe. Albert Einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves in 1916 in his general theory of relativity. Einstein’s mathematics showed that massive accelerating objects (such as neutron stars or black holes orbiting each other) would disrupt space-time in such a way that ‘waves’ of undulating space-time would propagate in all directions away from the source. These cosmic ripples would travel at the speed of light, carrying with them information about their origins, as well as clues to the nature of gravity itself.
LIGO introduced in 2015 that Gravitational waves are ripples in the structure of spacetime. Much as a ship traveling across the surface of a calm sea leaves a wake behind it, so moving objects in the universe create gravitational waves. The “ships” in the case of gravitational waves are extremely violent and cataclysmic events far off in the cosmos: black hole mergers, neutron star collisions, supernovae. All of these generate waves in the structure of spacetime, stretching and squeezing it as the ripples travel across the universe.Nowdays we are describing the space in scientific language, that it is having a property of: texture, fabric, gravity waves.That is cosmic fibric attached with one another called spin network.Researchers found that small celestial bodies revolve inside bigger orbits of bigger celestial bodies along with others in a wavy manner.Various sketchs of the wavy orbits of the moon around the earth’s wavy orbit, also showing both earth and moon wavy orbits around the sun’s wavy orbit, while all moon, earth and sun orbits are waving in one orbit, around the center of the milky way galaxy.
Do you beleive that this phenomena has been explained 1500 years ago in Quran in surah Alz Zariyat verse 7 ;
” swear by the heaven (sky) full of paths (orbits. الْحُبُكِ )
حُبِك : – دُبِّر، رُتِّبَ
حَبَكَ ( فعل ): – نَسَجَ، حاكَ i.e, in verb
– Draw out and twist into threads
– Form thread into fabric in this way
– Form thread into .
the cosmic structure justifies this notion clearly.
In surah Al Anbiya verse 33 Allah Almighty says;
“And it is He who created the night and the day and the sun and the moon; all (heavenly bodies) in an orbit are swimming(.يَسْبَحُونَ) .”
they are floating [Quran] يَسْبَحُون
they are floating all around.
The word ‘Yasbahoon’ not only describes the orbital motion of every object but also provides an ideation of their momentum as propounded by LIGO.
The Al Quran mentioned these facts centuries before the invention of telescopes.This clearly indicates the supermacy of Allah Almighty over whole universe either observable or non observable.