For over half a century scientists beleived that Earth’s inner core is hard,extremely hot and surprisingly large, measuring 2,440 km (1,516 miles) across.It’s Mostly Made of Iron,It Spins faster than the Surface of the Earth.The Earth and the core are rotating on the same spin axis, but because the inner core rotates just a bit faster than the planet as a whole, the “fast axis” through the core moves eastward.It creates a magnetic field.The scientific world believed that Earth’s inner core was a solid ball of compressed iron alloy which a liquid outer core covered.Now the scientists discovered that Earth’s “solid” inner core may truly be a bit mushy.Based on new analysis, printed Sept. 20 in the journal Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, means that the firmness of the planetary ball ranges from laborious to semisoft to liquid metallic.Jessica Irving, a seismologist on the University of Bristol in England, who was not concerned in the examine, instructed Live Science. “We’re finding a whole new hidden world.” She added that “The more that we look at it, the more we realize it’s not one boring blob of iron”.
Earth’s inner core was considered a mysterious as Jules Verne (a prolific french author whose writtings laid much of the foundation of modern science fiction,popular for his novels also ) printed his fanciful “Journey to the Center of the Earth” in 1864. Though scientists have identified because the Fifties that our planet is not hole as Verne predicted, the planet’s inside remains to be unexplored; the immense warmth and strain are just too nice for any human or human-made probe to journey there. “Unless something awful happens to our planet, we will never have a direct observation of Earth’s core”.
An earthquake generates seismic waves that penetrate the Earth as body waves (P & S) or travel as surface waves (Love and Rayleigh). Each wave has a characteristic speed and style of motion. The animations below illustrate both the propogation of the wave as well as the motion of particles as the wave passes. These waves come in two important flavors: straight-line compressional waves and undulating shear waves. Each wave can velocity up, decelerate or bounce off of various mediums because it travels by means of the bottom.By analysis scientists can reconstruct the earth’s inner core and its process of working. Rhett Butler, a geophysicist on the Hawai’i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology,While trying to understand how seismic waves travel through different layers of Earth, Butler found that instead of going in a straight direction (as a solid metal ball would facilitate), the waves kept getting deflected in certain areas.Butler was looking at how the seismic waves created by large earthquakes in five different locations travel through Earth’s core to the exact opposite side of the globe. But something was off — the quakes’ shear waves, which should have passed through a solid ball of metal, were instead being deflected in certain areas.
The numbers surprised Butler. He knew the seismic wave math was correct, which could mean only one thing: Scientists had the structure wrong. The wave distribution acted as a kind of “sonar,” revealing the planet’s inner structure in great detail. In the top 150 miles of the inner core, Butler sаid there were successive lаyers of “hаrd, soft, аnd liquid or mushy iron аlloys.
Butler noticed that light waves struck some areas of the solid sphere in the earth’s inner core and reflected, and some passed. If the entire matter had been solid, then the waves would have clashed with it and returned.Rhett Butler and his partner double-checked it several times and got the same result each time.This indicates that perhaps the iron in the Earth’s inner core can be found in solid, liquid, as well as soft or semi solid forms.Scientists believe that gaining a better understanding of the inner core will give them enhanced grasp about the relationship between the inside of a planet and its magnetic behaviour.
There are seven layers of earth in order;Crust, mantle, core, lithosphere, asthenosphere, mesosphere, outer core, inner core.As
Almight Allah says in Quran surah At-Talaaq 65:12;
“Allah is the One Who created seven heavens ˹in layers˺, and likewise for the earth. The ˹divine˺ command descends between them so you may know that Allah is Most Capable of everything and that Allah certainly encompasses all things in ˹His˺ knowledge”.
Now,the debate is scientists are considering the inner core of earth as ‘new hidden home’mentioned Jessica Irving.On the islamic perception basis there is a concept of Barzakh(life after death).Barzakh is an Arabic word meaning “obstacle”, “hindrance”, “separation”, or “barrier” designates a place separating the living from the hereafter; a veil between the dead and their return to world of the living, but also to a phase happening between death and resurrection.There concept of barzakh varies between various scholars.Some scholars says it is the place for those who go neither to hell nor to heaven after death.Some states that it is place in lowest heaven where the unborn souls exist.In hadith, Ibn al-Qayyim cites that, albeit not mentioned in the Quran, souls in Al-Barzakh would be grouped with others matching in purity or impurity. In Islam, the soul and the body are independent of each other. This is significant in Barzakh, because only a person’s soul goes to Barzakh and not their physical body. Since one’s soul is divorced from their body in Barzakh, the belief is that no progress or improvements to one’s past life can be made. If a person experienced a life of sin and worldly pleasures, one cannot try to perform good deeds in order to reach Jannah Paradise. In Sufism the Barzakh or Alam-e-Araf is not only where the human soul resides after death but it is also a place that the soul can visit during sleep and meditation.As mentioned in Quran in Surah Mu’minun;23:100
“and before them is a barrier until the day they are raised”
In a concise manner,Al-Barzakh is the period between a person’s death and his resurrection on the Day of Resurrection.Whoever dies as a Muslim, obeying Allah, will be in a blessed state, and whoever dies as a disbeliever, disobeying Allah, will be punished. The punishments vary according to the sins committed.
The question is where is Barzakh located?
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah rahimahullah explains the condition of the souls in this intermediary realm in his renowned work, Kitab al-ruh. He mentions that everyone’s soul is in the following different stations within Inter-space. ‘A῾lā ῾illīyīn (The highest station): This station is exclusive for the Prophets (alaihim al-salam). Even in this station, there are different echelons and spheres.Sijjīn: The souls of the disbelievers will be shackled in this realm which is situated beneath the seventh Earth.
This is from where we can assess that may be the ‘new hidden world’is something called ‘barzakh’.It is obivious that life doesn’t exist in inner core of earth and will never,because of its high pressure,heat,spinning speed creating megnetic feild etc. A team of scientists has measured the melting point of iron at high precision in a laboratory, and then drew from that result to calculate the temperature at the boundary of Earth’s inner and outer core — now estimated at 6,000 C (about 10,800 F). That’s as hot as the surface of the sun.
Another strong evidence is a portal to the center of the earth in the wreckage of an abandoned project site in Murmansk, Russia,known as the Kola Superdeep Borehole, the deepest hole ever dug reaches approximately 7.5 miles below the Earth’s surface (or 12,262 meters), a depth that took about 20 years to reach.The hole was intended to go “as deep as possible,” which researches expected to be around 9 miles (that’s ~14,500 meters). But the scientists and engineers were forced to give up when they hit unexpectedly high temperatures. At 7.5 miles below the surface, the 2.7 billion year old rocks there at temperatures of around 180 degrees Celsius (or a scorching 356 degrees Fahrenheit). This was almost twice as hot as they had predicted.
Such high temperatures deform the drill bits and pipes. The rocks themselves also become more malleable. The Russian scientist Dr Azzacov in Kola described the rocks at those depths as behaving more like plastic than rock.They also recorded the screams of hell.Dr Azzacove was present and this is what he stated; As a communist I don’t believe in heaven or the Bible, but as a scientist I now believe in hell, said Dr. Azzacove. Needless to say we were shocked to make such a discovery. But we know what we saw and we know what we heard. And we are absolutely convinced that we drilled through the gates of hell.The drill suddenly began to rotate wildly, indicating that we had reached a large empty pocket or cavern. Temperature sensors showed a dramatic increase in heat to 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit. We lowered a microphone, designed to detect the sounds of plate movements down the shaft. But instead of plate movements we heard a human voice screaming in pain! At first we thought the sound was coming from our own equipment. But when we made adjustments our worst suspicions were confirmed. The screams weren’t those of a single human, they were the screams of millions of humans.
This is not only one mysterious event,recently NASA shared a vedio of Screaming Eye of Helix Nebula that the Helix Nebula is 655 light-years away from the earth, and three light-years across.That sounds like screaming of women.All these discoveries in present era are correlating with Islamic notions and concepts.