The 17th G20 summit is all set to take place in Bali, Indonesia on 15-16 November, under the presidency of Indonesia. This G20 summit will focus on the theme “Recover Together, Recover Stronger”. On recognizing the impact of the pandemic due to COVID-19 many nations lack the capacity to address the crisis. The Indonesian presidency will mainly focus upon three factors for its G20 2022 summit which are Global health architecture, Sustainable energy transition and Digital transformation.
Through these pillars, the main aim of the summit is to ensure equitable access to the vaccines of covid-19, and economic development through micro, medium and small sized business and digital economy. While this is the main area of focus for the G20 2022 summit, China is already opposing India’s plan to host the G20- 2023 summit in Jammu and Kashmir.
According to the Ministry of External Affairs, India will conduct the G20-2023 presidency from December 2022 and eventually it will convene at G20 leaders’ summit in 2023 and Jammu and Kashmir is reportedly selected by Indian govt to host the G20 meetings and J&K govt has already set up five-member high level committee to coordinate the G20 meetings at all levels to be held in the union territory. The main reason for conducting G20 meet in Jammu and Kashmir is to showcase the normalcy in Kashmir after abrogation of Article 370 in front of the influential group of the world’s major economies. However China is opposing the Indian govt’s plan to conduct G20-2023 summit at Jammu and Kashmir, China’s stand on the Kashmir issue is clear cut and consistent, given the China and Pakistan involvement in CPEC- rapidly advancing in the disputed area of POK.
China may bring up this issue to politicise the G20 meet in the upcoming G20 summit in Bali, Indonesia. This seems like a strategic move by the Indian goverment to showcase normalcy in Kashmir after decades of controversies and turmoil, while protests are erupting in Pakistan against the CPEC project of China and Pakistan. The Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said we call on all sides to focus on economic recovery and improvement and did not want to politicise the relevant issues to make a contribution for global economic improvement. According to the China govt, the Kashmir issue is a legacy issue between India and Pakistan and should be resolved with UN resolutions and bilateral agreements. Zhao Lijian further said both countries must avoid unilateral decisions which may further complicate the issue. The Chinese stand is firm assertive that since G20 is an international economic cooperation forum, the main aim should be to focus on economic development and not politics, The Chinese spokesperson wants to portray the move by Indian govt to conduct G20 2023 summit in Jammu and Kashmir as a political move, However the main aim behind the Indian govt is to create a positive contribution and economic development in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
Other than the issue of India hosting 2023 G20 summit, the points of main focus are health care and improving economy by mutual support in small scale business and digital economy.
Pakistan has already voiced against India’s decision to reportedly hold the G20 2023 summit in Jammu and Kashmir in June and asked other member nations to strongly condemn the decision of India by calling it a political move of India rather than that of economic cooperation. Pakistan has announced its decision to boycott the G20 meet, However the Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian mentioned that China may boycott the meetings and summit. Pakistan has already reached Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Indonesia, its allies in the G20 group, to condemn the decision of the Indian government, as Jammu and Kashmir is an internationally recognized disputed territory between India and Pakistan.
What’s ironic in this entire state of affairs, is simply that, a reluctance to view J&K as a land with human dwellers, who deserve progress, and instead focus on its geopolitical situation and pressing on importance of an inanimate Organization like United States over and above the lives of people of J&K who are eagerly awaiting an economic boost, is being viewed as an eligible vision for G20 but not the Indian Government’s attempt to stabilize the region and invite foreign investments and generate jobs.
As India is taking over the presidency of G20 in December 2022 from Indonesia, The Indian govt is known for making assertive unilateral decisions for the well-being and benefit of the country, The G20 group is all about the economic cooperation and mutual support to boost the economy of the member countries, the decision by India to conduct the summit at Jammu and Kashmir to showcase Kashmir in an International stage for economic improvement of the new union territory cannot be portrayed as a political move.