The national festival of modern independent India is Republic Day. The role of Republic Day in India is very important. The Constitution was established on this day. Republic Day is a special day associated with the feelings of Indians. The Republic has completed 72 years. After independence, a constitution was written to run the country, which took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to write. The Constitution of India was implemented on 26 January 1950 AD at 10:18 am and on this occasion we started celebrating 26 January as Republic Day. Before 26 January 1950, India was not constitutionally a republic but a monarchy. Before 26 January 1950, the government was run in India under the Government of India Act 1935. The first Republic Day Parade was held in Delhi on 26 January 1950, not on Rajpath but at Irwin Stadium (today’s National Stadium). In the year 1955 AD, the first parade of Republic Day was held at Rajpath in Delhi. A parade is organized on the Rajpath on the occasion of Republic Day and the President of the country takes the salute of this parade. A 21-gun salute is given every year. Since the year 1950 AD, we celebrate Republic Day every year with lots of joy and happiness. 73rd Republic Day is being celebrated in the year 2022. On the occasion of Amrit Mahotsav of Independence, 17 Jaguar fighter aircraft in the shape of 75 will fly in the sky over Rajpath. Whose view will be amazing. Apart from this, 16 marching contingents, 17 military bands and 25 tableaux of different states, departments and armed forces will be displayed on the occasion of 73rd Republic Day. The main theme of the tableau is ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’, which commemorates 75 years of independence. The most important thing is that this time two Param Vir Chakra and one Ashok Chakra awardee are also participating in the parade. The Indian Army’s Sikh Light Infantry, Rajput Regiment, J&K Light Infantry, Assam Regiment, Army Ordnance Corps Regiment and Parachute Regiment will showcase their feats at the event. This time too no foreign guest or head of state will attend the Republic Day celebrations. Due to Corona, this time too no foreign guests were invited to the Republic Day celebrations. Whereas, it has been the tradition of the country since the beginning to include foreign guests in Republic Day. Gantantra (Republic) is made up of two hindi words – Gan and Tantra. Gan literally means party/group/folk. The literal meaning of Tantra is Dora/Soot (rope). That is, such a rope / string, which connects a group of people, is called democracy. That is, for the people by the people. Society is called a large group consisting of communities of more than one people, in which all the individuals perform human activities. Human activities include actions of conduct, social protection and subsistence etc. Human is a social being. Human is the best of all beings. The mental power of human being is highly developed as compared to the mental power of other beings. Justice is an important part of maintaining peace in the world. The foundation of justice is based on the insistence on treating all human beings as equal. Justice means the right to equality. Justice is the only way to curb all kinds of evils and anti-social elements spread in the society, punish them and protect the moral and human rights of all citizens. Human rights abuses continued due to the discrimination and inequality spread in the society. Illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, inflation and economic inequality are high in India. Because of these discriminations, justice has become a matter of great concern. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (15 January 1929 – 4 April 1968) was an American pastor, activist, and prominent leader of the African-American civil rights struggle. He is also called Gandhi of America. Martin Luther King said that “Wherever there is injustice there is always a threat to justice. This is not true only of statutory justice because a rational society has always been inclusive of colour, race, class, caste.” As it is expected to ensure justice free from any kind of social hindrance so that no person of the society is deprived of his right to justice. Denying justice to anyone is not only against the principles of social justice, But it is also against the constitutional provisions. Intolerance is oppression through violence. Intolerance is done by goons. Intolerance needs to be dealt with resolutely. Intolerance characterizes goondaraj. The right to speak is our innate right. If speaking is stopped, our voice and our thoughts will be limited. Therefore, under Article 19(a) of the Indian Constitution, we have been given freedom of speech. This is our fundamental right. So we can also go to court regarding this. Right to freedom is included in the fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution. Its sections 19, 20, 21 and 22 provide 6 types of freedom to the citizens including freedom of speech and expression. Freedom of speech and expression is one of the 6 freedom rights incorporated by Article 19 in the Indian Constitution. 19(a) freedom of speech and expression, 19(b) freedom to conference peacefully and freely, 19(c) freedom to form associations, associations or co-operative societies, 19(d) freedom of free movement throughout the territory of India, 19(e) freedom to settle anywhere in the territory of India, 19(g) freedom of any profession, occupation, trade or business. Those who try to disturb mutual harmony in India are less Indian and more terrorists. Humanity is the mother of tolerance. True humanity will be born when intolerance will be eradicated from the world, when people will have the freedom to live in the world, when the savagery will be removed from the world, when the rising sun will take away all the darkness, when the deer will not run away from the lion’s roar, trust in the lion Then the darkness of evil will be removed from the world and true tolerance will reign. Tolerance is based on equality. Equality means that there is no sense of inequality. Equality means where there is no exploitation. A society without discrimination is called an egalitarian society. Therefore we can say that Indian Republic is a symbol of egalitarian society.
About Writer :
Dr. Shanker Suwan Singh
Senior Columnist and Thinker
Assistant Professor, SHUATS, Naini, Prayagraj (U.P.)