Oukhoo in South Kashmir’s Pulwama district, which recently surveyed as fastest developing district in Kashmir, supplies 90 per cent of the raw material to country’s pencil manufacturing units besides exporting it to 150 countries with the handholding of JK government.
Circa 2010,local entrepreneurs came up with the idea that Kashmir’s famous poplar trees can be a useful resource, a peculiarly supple wood which makes it best suited for manufacturing of pencils. Kashmir weather is ideal, where the moisture levels are just right to allow the poplar wood to remain soft during the tree’s growth. Hence the valley is the ideal place for Poplar tree growth.
The pencil business from this region has reached a point that India has zero dependency now on wood supplies from China which it used to import before 2010.
Manzoor Ahmad Alai (45), is owner of one of the biggest pencil slate making factories in Oukhoo.Alai went to Jammu in 2011 and learnt about skills of making wooden slats, from which pencils are sliced out, he set up a unit in Oukhoo with assistance from Hindustan Pencils, a leading pencil manufacturer and exporter of India.
Soon, others in Oukhoo followed Alai’s example and more slat-manufacturing units came up.
“This spring has again brought spring in our lives too. The schools, colleges have opened up again after an economically dissapoiting Covid pandemic. We are now racing supply against demand from big brands across country. Most of my workers from outside JK have come back and rest of them also joining us in some days to cater to the demand,” A happy Alia said, “Undoubtedly the Government has supported us a lot. All We need now is uninterrupted electricity supply to accelerate our production.”
The village came into the limelight after Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, mentioned its success story in his monthly radio programme ‘Mann Ki Baat’, where he had spoken at length about “Pencil Village of India”. He had said that Pulwama in Jammu and Kashmir is emerging as a hub for pencil manufacturing.
“Today, Pulwama is playing an important role in educating the entire nation. If the students across the nation do their homework, prepare notes, it is because of the hard work of the people of Pulwama,” PM Modi had said in his 70th Mann Ki Baat address.
“Almost 90 per cent of the demand for pencil slate in the country is met by the Kashmir Valley and Pulwama has a big share in that. At one time, we used to import the wood for pencils, but now, Pulwama is making the country self-reliant in this field,” he said.
To give much needed impetus to the industry, Government of India approved the new Industrial Developmental Scheme for Jammu and Kashmir. The scheme will go a long way in ushering an era of socio-economic development of the region as also catering to the aspirations of people.
“The scheme is being implemented with the vision that industry and service led development of JK needs to be given a fresh thrust with emphasis on job creation, skill development and sustainable development by attracting new investment and nurturing the existing ones,” Lieutenant Governor, Manoj Sinha, had said at the launch of the scheme.
New Industrial Development Scheme for JK will give a boost to domestic manufacturing in the region and help the UT become Aatma Nirbhar. It will encourage new investment, substantial expansion and also nurture the existing industries in JK besides providing a major support to local industry creating new business opportunities.